Buy the books here:
Volume 1: (mostly) European Tools and Techniques to the 1930s
Volume 2: (mostly) North American Climbing Tools and Techniques to the 1950s
Recently (2022) I had the opportunity to work with Katie Ives, Alpinist editor on a piece on Birdbeaks. It was great to finally give credit where credit was due, as well as tell some of my own stories about bringing beaks to the American market and the sole-provider of these cool little rock tools for quite a few years (in mid90s, a couple other makers starting producing hooking pitons). They really changed the game! Gone were so many crappy alumiheads all over the place where dicey tied-off pins would have sufficed.
Here is the article as published in Alpinist:
Here are some more pics that Vlad sent me of the early beaks, and some archival A5 beak images too:
Beaks in Poland (1950’s)
I wrote to the great alpinist Wojciech Kurtyka from Poland, and received the following:
You asked about the birdbeaks piton in Polish climbing tradition. Encouraged by you I asked the Polish excellent aid climber Michał Momatiuk for some hints. He is a precious informer for his father Czesław Momatiuk was the pioneer of Polish aid climbing. So here is very reliable information about the first use and first production of the birdbeaks in Poland: Czeslaw Momatiuk produced them for sure in 1954 and 1955 and used them on the breakthrough aid climbs in Tatra. It was used on the first ascents on Mnich spire on the route called "Variant R" and on Kazalnica wall on "Dlugosz route". Momatiuk remembers stories about his father producing them in 1954?
In general the tradition of birdbeaks use in Poland is quite monumental. The birdbeaks here were always considered the best pitons in history and in the world. I myself was a passionate user of them and teasing American climbers I couldn't understand how you could survive all your crazy aid climbs without birdbeaks. The only explanation was that you must have been geniuses. Sometimes I suppose the history of aid climbing should be devided into two era: before and after birdbeaks.
I considered birdbeaks the most reliable piton on every climb. Starting from eighties I was using the model you can see on the photo (below).
I immediately recognized your name from my old dreams and obsessions connected with Trango Tower. I admired a lot the Norwegian and later your ascent of the east face of Great Trango. This eastern pillar was one of my elusive objectives. It is always a pleasure to receive a signal from old pioneer times.
John, wish you the best. Friendly,
(I wrote back to Voytek and told him we were not geniuses, just oblivious to a great idea! Although we got very good at placing dicey tied off stacked pitons as an frequent alternative! Also thanked him for how his route on Trango Nameless with Erhard Loretan was a great inspiration for our climb on Great Trango).
Marek Raganowicz writes: Maybe the first beak was invented in Czech guys, but the shape of Polish beak is totally different and that was the innovation. In my experience, I could compare with Polish beaks only big BD and all sizes of Tomahawks by Moses. Now, I never climb without Polish beaks and Tomahawks in my rack. I think now the Moses beaks are No1...
More on Jim's beaks here: https://www.karabinclimbingmuseum.com/bridwell-2001-visit.html Funny, he never showed any of these to me, just described the sawed off crack’n’up, so I made my own version which then became the standard for many years, though I knew more could be done (they worked well and were pretty universal, and I was happy when companies like Vermin first extended the design).